The Impact of Jails and Prisons on the Civil Rights Movement Further Resources

The following is a list of resources provided by Dr. Seneca Vaught who presented a program entitled “The Impact of Jails and Prisons on the Civil Rights Movement” on February 7, 2010 at the Olean Public Library.

Dr.  Vaught is an Assistant Professor of History (African and African American ) at Niagara University in New York. He received his Ph.D. from Bowling Green State University in Bowling Green, OH. His research interests include African and African American history and the intersection of culture and policy; he is actively involved in applying Africana Studies scholarship to strategies of community development and poverty issues.

CR10 Publications Collective.  Abolition Now!: Ten Years of Strategy and Struggle Against the Prison Industrial Complex. Oakland, CA: AK Press, 2008.

Davis, Angela Y.  Are Prisons Obsolete? Open Media Book.  New York: Seven Stories Press, 2003.

Boothe, Demico.  Why Are So Many Black Men in Prison? [United States]: Full Surface, 2007.

Garrow, David J.  Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. New York: W. Morrow, 1986.

——-.  The FBI and Martin Luther King, Jr.: From “Solo” to Memphis. New York: W.W. Norton, 1981.

Hampton, Henry and Julian Bond.  Eyes on the Prize.  America’s Civil Rights Movement Vol. 2, Ain’t Scared of Your Jails (1960-1961).  No Easy Walk (1961-1963). [Alexandria, VA]: PBS Video, 2006.

——-.  Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement from the 1950s Through the 1980s. New York: Bantam Books, 1990.

King, Martin Luther, Jr.  Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story. New York: Harper, 1958.

Mauer, Marc.  Race to Incarcerate. New York: New York Press, 1999.

Menkart, Deborah, Alana D. Murray, and Jenice View.  Putting the Movement Back into Civil Rights Teaching: A Resource Guide for K-12 Classrooms. Washington, D.C.: Teaching for Change and the Poverty & Race Research Action Council, 2004.

McGrew, Ken.  Education’s Prisoners: Schooling, the Political Economy, and the Prison Industrial Complex. New York: Peter Lang, 2008.

Oparah, Julia Chinyere.  Global Lockdown: Race, Gender, and the Prison-Industrial Complex. New York: Routledge, 2005.


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New Set of Reference Books with a Olean Public Library Connection!

Today we received a new set of reference books entitled ”  Encyclopedia of Time: Science, Philosophy, Theology, & Culture,” edited by H. James Birx.   The set contains three volumes which survey “the major facts, concepts, theories, and speculations that infuse our present comprehension of time.”  (From the product description).

How is this connected with OPL?  Two of the articles, “Mortality” and “Time Warps,” were written by Reference Librarian Carol Ellen Kowalik.  Her articles appear in vols 2 and 3 of the set. Click on the links below to see what the resource looks like and the articles which Ms. Kowalik wrote.

Cover Vol 2

Mortality 1

Mortality 2

Cover Vol 3

Time Warps 1

Time Warps 2

2008 Highlights from the Olean Public Library

  • You made 123,593 visits to the library in 2008.
  • You borrowed 188,658 books, magazines, videos, CDs, CD-ROMS and other items.
  • You asked Reference 10,716 questions.
  • You used computers and Internet services 19,355 times.
  • You held 450 meetings in the Conference Room, Art Gallery, and Story Hour Room.
  • You borrowed 380 items from outside the Chautauqua-Cattaraugus Library System and 5,275 items from other libraries within the system.
  • 79 Events, Presentations, and Workshops for all ages and interests were held including Family Fun Day, Crochet & Knitting Group, Brown Bag Book Club, ARVAS Tank Show, origami, TV script writing, and lectures on the Rare Book collection at SBU, the Civil War, Susan B. Anthony, and the archaeology of the area.
  • 15 Literary Events featuring AlleCat Reads Dead Man Walking, visiting authors Sister Helen Prejean, George Johnson, Francis Richey, Ed Sanders, Paul Wieland, & the Creative Writers Group.
  • 9 Art Gallery Exhibits featuring Southern Tier Biennial winner solo show, Errol Daniels, Robert Holland, Georgia Timper, & Jeffery McMillian.
  • The Summer Reading Program had 312 children and teens registered.
  • There were 244 Story Time, Investigation Stations, & Baby Sign sessions for your infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and school-age children.
  • Through your generosity we received over $15,412 in memorials, gifts, and donations.
  • Friends of the Library of Olean, New York, Inc. gave $13,003 from the Book Endowment for circulating library materials.
  • Friends of the Library of Olean, NY, Inc. gave $2,000 for library programs and presentations.
  • Friends of the Library of Olean, NY, Inc. sponsored receptions at artists’ exhibit openings.

Available free 24/7 LearningExpress Library provides help for job seekers.

Overcoming test-taking anxiety, raising test scores, and improving skills is possible with just the click of a mouse at LearningExpress Library.

Available now through the Olean Public Library, LearningExpress Library is a comprehensive, interactive online learning platform of practice tests and tutorial courses designed to help students and adult learners achieve their academic and career goals.

The “Job Search and Workplace Skills” Learning Center will help you craft a resume and cover letter, in addition to helping strengthen your job search, interviewing, and networking skills. The LearningExpress Library also offers a section entitled “Skill Building for Adults.” This section will help adults improve or refresh reading, writing, grammar, and math skills which are essential for the workplace.

Using LearningExpress Library is easy, and can be done from the library or your home computer, but from home you’ll need your library card number. Simply log in at Click the “register” button under “New Users.” For your “username”, enter your Olean Public Library card number. You will be able to enjoy free, unlimited access to interactive skill-building courses and a broad range of practice tests based on such official exams as the ACT, SAT, GED, ASVAB, Firefighter, Police Officer, Paramedic, EMT Basic, U.S. Citizenship, Postal Worker, Cosmetology, and Real Estate Agent & Broker Exams. If you have problems logging in, contact the Olean Public Library for assistance.

In addition to the examinations mentioned, LearningExpress Library offers comprehensive courses in math, reading, and writing; workplace skills enrichment; and more than 300 online practice tests for students and adults of all ages. All practice tests include instant score reports that help you target those skill areas that need the most attention. And if you are preparing for the ACT, GED and SAT, LearningExpress Library offers a complete course series.

Helping people find the reliable information they need to make important decisions is a primary mission of the Olean Public library and we’re excited that we can also play a more active role in helping students and adult learners achieve their academic and career goals.

For more information about LearningExpress Library, visit the Olean Public Library at 134 North Second Street, or call (716)372-0200.

ReferenceUSA database now available

Olean Public Library is pleased to announce that ReferenceUSA is now available.  One may access the database by going to and scrolling to the bottom of the page.  According to the Wall Street Journal, “ReferenceUSA, a database with information on millions of businesses and households, coupled with census data and a lifestyle database, can make a powerful research tool (Tuesday August 29, 2006).”  The database is also useful for:

  • Conducting job searches
  • Searching for business opportunities & suppliers
  • Tracking down addresses & phone numbers
  • Locating out-of-town companies
  • Conducting market and patent research

One can access the the database from either the computers at the library or from one’s own computer at home.  Just visit and click on the “Reference”link.  Once there, select “Online Databases” and then scroll to the bottom of the database page.

Please call the library or visit the Reference (Information) desk with any questions.